JavaFX over Java swing as the future of GUIs.
Oracle introduces JavaFX because there are lots of new things become in the world of technology and Java swing doesn’t support advisable for lots of features. So Java decided to introduce a new language or we can see a toolkit which is known as JavaFX.
Now, JavaFX has many of features which are not available in Java swing. JavaFX makes it easy for developing the client applications with cool appearance and designing features.
Feature of JavaFX:
Support FXML [Similar to HTML]
2D and 3D designing
Designing using CSS
Effects and Animations
Embedded web pages
It gives assistance to web view.
It can be embedded in swing application.
Scene building by which you can drag & drop components for designing.
Let’s we start it point by point:
In Swing, the class that holds your user interface fundamentals is called a frame and is defined by the JFrame class. A frame is required an empty window to which you can add a panel, which present as a container for your UI elements. A panel is defined by the JPanel class.
Swing has lots of components around for it (3rd party as well as built in) and not all of them have made their way to the very newer JavaFX platform yet, so there may be assured amount of re-inventing the wheel if you need something a bit custom.
A Swing application is actually a class that extends the JFrame class. To display user-interface components, you add components to a JPanel and then add the panel to the frame.
JavaFX uses the similarly of a theater to model the top-level containers of an application. A stage represents the highest level container — certainlly, a window, but on some operating systems, the stage may represent the entire display surface. The individual controls and other components that make up the user interface are contained in a scene . An application can have more than one scene, but only one of the scenes can be displayed on the stage at any given time.
A scene contains a scene graph, which is the very important concept in JavaFX. The scene graph is assemble of all the elements that make up a user interface — groups, layouts, controls, and shapes. These objects are called nodes and are all borrowed from the Node class. The Node class has lots useful features and capabilities that are automatically made available to any object you can add to your user interface.
For example, the Node class defines a setRotate method that gives permission to rotate any node in the scene graph.
1. JavaFX also supports animations so it is also a additional feature of JavaFX by which we can animate any scene of a JavaFX application to make our GUI look great. Swing also supports this feature, but it makes it difficult to implement animations in an application.
2. JavaFX has a special major effects package that can easily apply special effects to any node in the scene graph. By these classes let you very efficiently apply shadows, reflections, blurs, and other very attractive visual effects that can transform the appearance of your user interface
3. In JavaFX, you can design your application using “FXML” which is similar to XML and HTML. By using FXML you can design the complete application without any Java class. And it is easy to implement FXML for designing.
4. In JavaFX 8 it combined with 3D support. Now a days, it also supports 3D so you can design and develop any application in 3D and 2D.